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Understanding hormones

What does progesterone do?


Progesterone is a natural chemical produced by women’s bodies. Its function at every level is tied to the reproductive system. Progesterone comes from the empty egg follicle in women’s bodies after ovulation. This process is known as: corpus luteum. Women experience the peak of this in the last stages of their menstrual cycle. Progesterone causes the human body to react in a very specific way and that’s for it to create special proteins via the endometrium. Such proteins have the important role of preparing the body for a fertilized egg. If fertilization does not occur than progesterone prevents the process of more eggs being created and released into the body.

What does progesterone do if conception occurs?

The function that progesterone fulfils in the event of conception is an important one. What progesterone does in the event of conception is become the fundamental hormone that facilitates the pregnancy of a woman. What does progesterone do for women is listed below:

progesterone falopian

  • Growth and maintenance of the endometrium
  • Prevent any other eggs coming to maturation
  • Relaxes the major muscles of the uterus to prevent early contractions
  • Prevents lactation until birth
  • Thickens the muscle in preparation for labor

The importance of what progesterone does

The importance of progesterone to a pregnant women means that often doctors prescribe supplements of the hormone where appropriate. If there is a shortage of progesterone in women’s bodies during pregnancy it can cause problems.

What else does progesterone do?

Progesterone levels have also been known to decrease in women who have reached a later stage of life and are experiencing one of the 34 menopause symptoms. IF a woman’s body is less capable of producing such important hormones as: estrogen, progesterone and testosterone it can create a hormonal imbalance. Progesterone is important to the menstrual cycle and women who suffer from the menopause symptom known as: irregular periods run the risk of being susceptible to endometrial cancer.

How is progesterone taken?

progesterone medicalProgesterone can be taken in one the following ways:

  • Vaginal insert
  • As a pill
  • Cream or suppository

Conclusions about what does progesterone do?

Progesterone is a fundamental chemical in women’s bodies and a shortage of it can cause complications with child birth. In addition to this many women, including those who are experiencing some of the dangerous symptoms of menopause may benefit from an increase in progesterone. Like other hormones such supplements can be given to rebalance any hormonal imbalance in women. One method of increasing the amount of hormones in women is hormone replacement therapy. Despite being the number one treatment method in the United States, HRT comes with documented risks that must be carefully considered.

Replacement hormone therapy is used by many menopausal women across the world to treat their menopause symptoms. Studies have found however that hormone therapy comes with a flurry of side effects which can be dangerous to women’s health. Because of this it is advised that women consider all of the alternatives to hormone replacement therapy before they consider the invasive treatment of hormone replacement therapy.

Reviewed on Monday, March 25th, 2013

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